Holidays in Great Britain
Тип материала: Мероприятие
- развитие умений восприятия и понимания иноязычной речи на слух (речь учителя и учащихся);
-актуализация страноведческого материала;
- расширение фоновых знаний учащихся (знакомство с праздниками в Великобритании).
Оборудование:проектор, компьютер, магнитофон, презентация, карточки с заданием. Структура мероприятия: — организационный момент (5 мин.) -ролевая игра с презентацией (15 мин.): — выполнение упражнений (7 мин.) — работа с карточками (5 мин.) — подведение итогов (2 мин) Ход мероприятия: Teacher:Good — afternoon boys and girls. Dear friends, we are going to have an unusual lesson. Today we shall speak about holidays in Great Britain. So, every country and nation has their own traditions and customs. It's very important to know traditions and customs of different people, especially if we want to know their language. We can't say: " we know English", if we do not know English traditions. Вопросы: 1. What holidays do people celebrate in our country? 2. Tell me what is your favorite holiday? — P1 New Year. — P2 Christmas. — P3 Birthday. 3. What British holidays do you know? 4. The British have got many celebrations? 5. What British celebrations do you know? (Учащиеся называют праздники в Британии): — New Year — Easter — Christmas — Halloween — St Valentine’s Day — Guy Fawkes Night Teacher:There are fewer public holidays in Great Britain than in other European countries. They are Christmas Day, Boxing Day, New Years Day, Good Friday, Easter,. St Valentine’s Day, Halloween. And, now, the first game.Look at the blackboard, please, and find the right date for every holiday in our country:
|April – May||New Year|
|May, 9||Women's Day|
|January, 7||the Day of Knowledge|
|March, 8||Victory Day|
|The 1st of September||Christmas|
It's Christmas! Merry Christmas!
Yes, it's merry, merry Christmas,
it's time for hanging stockings,
It's time for riding sleighs,
It's time for jolly greeting,
Snow and holly, overeating,
Oh, I love you merry Christmas,
You're the best of holidays
Boxing day The 26th of December, Boxing Day, is an extra holiday after Christmas Day. This is the time to visit friends and relatives or perhaps sit at home and watch football. 2. How do the British celebrate the New Year? — The first of January, New Year’s Day, is a big holiday in Scotland. Scottish people celebrate New Year’s Eve in every family. Friends usually come on that day. They have a good dinner. After dinner there are apples, other fruit, and different sweets to eat. Then all the family and the friends begin to play games and dance. Before twelve o’clock at night many people in the towns go out into the streets to dance and to sing songs. In England New Year’s Day is not a big holiday, it is not so popular. Very many people go to bed before twelve o’clock on New Year’s Eve. But some families celebrate this evening at home. At midnight they also go out into the streets and squares. In London people go to the Trafalgar Square. In this square they see a great tree brightly decorated with little lamps. When the largest clock of London — Big Ben — begins to strike twelve, the people in the square join their hands and sing. They also wish a Happy New Year to each other. New Year is one of the favourite holidays for many people in Great Britain. Teacher:it’s celebrated on February 14-th?Children, guess, please, what holiday is it? 3. How do the British celebrate St Valentine’s Day? — On the 14th of February there is St. Valentine’s Day. People send Valentine’s cards to someone they love. . February 14 is the anniversary of his death. It may be for the person who receives the gift. The day is the time to send little gifts to those you love. Flowers and candy are favourite presents which sweethearts send to each other.
Funny ValentinesBoys are silly.
Girls are smart.
I love you
With all my heart.
Boys are noisy.
Girls are, too.
You like me,
And I like you.
Mama loves coffee.
Papa loves tea.
I love my teacher,
And my teacher loves me!
4. How do the British celebrate Mother’s day? In March there is also a holiday for English women — Mother's Day. People in the family try to make it a day off for Mother and help her in any way they can. On that day they visit their mothers and give them some presents. If they can't do it they send their mothers «A Mother's Day Card». What do you know about Good Friday? — Good Friday is the Friday before Easter Sunday. On this day, Christians remember the day when Jesus was crucified on a cross. The name may be derived from 'God's Friday' in the same way that good-bye is derived from 'God be with ye'. It is traditional to eat warm 'hot cross buns' on Good Friday. The pastry cross on top of the buns symbolizes and reminds Christians of the cross that Jesus was killed on. 5. Easter Easter is the most important holiday of the year. Easter egg is called pysanka. Preparation for Easter starts seven weeks ahead of time with the advent of Lent. Believers don't eat meat and animal products. Palm Sunday, the week before Easter, is known as Willow Sunday. People bring home willow branches which have been blessed in church. The week is dedicated to preparing for Easter. The Thursday before Easter is called Clean Thursday. According to the tradition one should bathe before sunrise on this day. The house must be clean too. Good Friday is the day that the women of the family bake «paska», Easter bread. On Saturday children dye Easter eggs to add to the Easter basket which will be blessed in church. It also includes pysanka, salt, paska, sausage and ham. In the evening people go to church for the Easter mass, which lasts all night. Teacher:the day of jokes? 6. April Fools Day — April Fool’s Day or all Fool’s Day is the first of April. The fun of the holiday is to play silly but harmless jokes on family members and friends. The victim of these jokes is called an April fool. This holiday first appeared in France when the French began to use the Gregorian calendar, some people continued to use the old calendar and to celebrate New Year’s Day in April 1. These people were called April fools. Playing jokes on this day became popular first in France and then in many other countries. Today, April Fool’s jokes are played mostly by children, who enjoy the holiday very much. How do people celebrate Hallowe’en in Britain? — Halloween is a festival that takes place on October 31. Halloween developed from new year festivals and festivals of the dead. Christian church established a festival on November 1 called All Saints' Day so that people could continue to celebrate their festivals. The main Halloween activity for children is trick-or-treating. Children dress in costumes and masks and go from door to door saying «trick or treat». The neighbours give children such treats as candy, fruit and pennies so that children do not play tricks on them. An Irish legend says that jack-o'-lanterns are named after the man called Jack. He could not enter heaven because he was a miser, and he could not enter hell because he had played jokes on devil. As a result, Jack has to walk on the earth with his lantern until Judgment Day. People once believed that there were many ghosts and witches on the Earth and that they met on October 31 to worship the devil. Today, people do not believe in ghosts and witches but they like to tell stories about them on Halloween. Teacher:Thank you. Very good! I'm sure that you know a terrible story. You are welcome. (Учащийся рассказывает страшную историю). 7. What do you know about Thanksgiving Day? There is one day a year when all Americans stay home with their families and eat a big dinner. This is Thanksgiving Day. The pilgrims celebrated the first Thanksgiving Day in the fall of 1621. The pilgrims sailed to America for religious freedom. The pilgrims first winter in the New World was very difficult. They had arrived too late to grow many crops. Without fresh food half of the pilgrims died. The following spring the Indians taught the pilgrims how to hunt, fish, plant and survive in America. They were thankful and decided to celebrate with a Thanksgiving feast. They prepared a dinner of turkey, corn, beans and pumpkins. Americans still celebrate Thanksgiving Day in the fall. It is celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November. Turkey is still the main dish and pumpkin pie is the most popular dessert.
Упражнениядля закрепления Teacher:Ok, and now I propose you to do some exercise. As we know every holiday has its own symbol or emblem and your task will be to find the emblem and the same holiday: For example:The church (egg) is a symbol of Easter. 2. Match the holidays and their descriptions. Соотнести праздники с их описанием. 3. What holidays in the United Kingdom are celebrated in spring? Какие праздники в Великобритании отмечают весной? Teacher: 4. Now, children, let us do a crossword puzzle about holidays and check how much we know about it. Вопросыккроссворду: 1. This is a National holiday. There is one day a year when all Americans stay home with their families and eat a big dinner. 2. It is a special day for families to get together and give thanks for different things. The rabbit was a symbol of new life. The ancient custom of dyeing eggs on this holiday is still very popular. 3. On 25 December children get up early in the morning. A traditional dinner on this day is roast turkey, roast potatoes and a pudding. 4. Celebrating this holiday children knock at people’s doors and say “Trick or treat”. 5. The first festival in a year (новый год). 6. Each person has his or her own date of this holiday (день рожденье). 7. December 26th is called… day. (день подарков) 8. The fun of the holiday is to play jokes on family members and friends. 9. It is the day that you show your friend or loved one that you care. Or you can send roses, the flower of love. (True/False). 1. On St Valentine's Day people send eggs. 2. Easter always means spring, new life. 3. Celebrating Halloween is a very young tradition. 6. In Britain, the day after Christmas is called Boxing Day. 7. There is one day a year when all Americans celebrate April Fool’s Day. 8. The first festival in a year is new year. 9. April 1st is a day when people play tricks on friends. Подведение итогов урока: Тeacher.: Very good! Now I see, you know British holidays. Our lesson is over. We've made so much today. Study foreign languages, and know traditions because of it's very interesting. Your marks are excellent.