Конспект урока английского языка по теме «Редьярд Киплинг».
Цели урока: Активизировать познавательную деятельность учащихся.
Развитие интереса учащихся к культурному наследию Великобритании.
Изучение творчества P.Киплинга.
Повышение интереса учащихся к изучению английского языка.
Развитие навыков и умений чтения.
Закрепить лексический материал по теме «P.Киплинг».
Создание благоприятного эмоционально-психологического климата
Учебные - обобщение и систематизация изученного лексического и грамматического материала; изучение пословиц, ‘крылатых фраз’; продолжить работу над словообразованием однокоренных слов, закрепление грамматических структур ( Past Simple).
Развивающие - интеллектуальное развитие учащихся; развитие языковых, интеллектуальных и познавательных способностей; знакомство с культурным наследием и традициями Англии.
Воспитательные - формирование у учащихся уважения и интереса к культуре и народу страны изучаемого языка; воспитание культуры общения; воспитание и формирование потребности в познавательной активности.
Первая часть урока проходит в форме лекции, потом учащимся могут быть предложены лексические и грамматические задания по теме. Презентация помогает лучше воспринять материал.
Good morning. How are you today?
Teacher: (Today we are going to speak about famous English writer - Joseph Rudyard Kipling. From the 1890s to the 1920s the most popular writer in the English-speaking world was Rudyard Kipling. Nowadays he still remains to be a well-known British author and poet. Many people know his books about a little boy Mowgly and tales about African animals “How the Whale Got His Throat”,” How the Camel Got His Hump”,” How the Leopard Got His Spots” and many others. But he was not only a writer for children, he wrote many serious novels and poems. His biography is unusual and mysterious. One can say that he was a Freemason or even a British spy. Let’s read some facts of his biography.)
Kipling was born in Bombay, India. His father was John Lockwood Kipling, a teacher at the local Jeejeebhoy School of Art, and his mother was Alice Macdonald. They are said to have met at Rudyard Lake in Staffordshire, England, hence Kipling's name. From the ages of six to twelve young Kipling and his sister spent much time in England with their aunt and uncle , while his parents remained in India.
At the age of 6 he went to boarding school, but Kipling was very unhappy there . He became ill and his mother took him to United Services College at Westward Ho, North Devon. By 1880, he returned to Lahore, (in modern-day Pakistan) India where he began writing as a sub-editor for "The Civil and Military Gazette". He was just seventeen and he began tentative steps into the world of poetry.
He succeeded in writing short stories. Kipling's first prose collection was published in Calcutta in January 1888, a month after his 22nd birthday. Later in 1888 he published six collections of short stories, containing a total of 41 stories, some quite long. He sold the rights to his six volumes of stories for £200 and decided to go travelling.
On 9 March 1889, Kipling left India, travelling first to Singapore, Hong Kong and Japan. He then travelled through the United States up into Canada. After that he crossed the Atlantic, and reached Liverpool in October 1889. So he made his way to London, the centre of the literary universe in the British Empire. But in 1891, on the advice of his doctors, Kipling made another sea voyage visiting South Africa, Australia, New Zealand and once again India.
In 1892 he married Caroline Balestier, the daughter of an American lawyer and set up house with her in Vermont, the USA,where they lived for four years.
His first two children, Josephine and Sussex, were born there. When they were little, he told them tales which he made up himself. Later he published these tales in “The Jungle Book “and “The Second Jungle Book”, and children in many countries like them very much. Many people know his book about Mowgli, a little Indian boy, who lived in the jungle with the wolves.
Stories for Little Children and Adults
In 1902 his “Just so Stories for Little Children” were published. His fairy-tales from the book were rather unusual for the British literature of that period. One can find the influence of Lewis Carroll’s “Alice in Wonderland” in Kipling’s work. But this influence didn’t prevent Kipling from creating absolutely new, unusual fairy-tales. The unusual effect of his tales is reached by the rhythm and the music of words. Those who were lucky to listen to Kipling reading his fairy-tales noted that they always sounded truthful. Besides, not only children but even adults were very fond of “Just so Stories”. Together with “The Jungle Book” it still enjoys great popularity.
T: (Do you remember these stories? I think that all of you like this book and cartoons. The story “How the Whale Got His Throat” — explains why the big whale eats such small prey.
“How the Camel Got His Hump” — explains how the idle camel was punished.
“How the Rhinoceros Got His Skin” — explains why Rhinos have folds in their skin and bad tempers. Camel has a hump given to him by a jinn as punishment for the camel refusing to work. The hump allows the camel to work longer between eating. The stories teach us to be kind, hard-working, honest, wise and friendly. Which of the stories do you like best? He spent many years travelling all over the world. When he was a little boy he used to live in India. His old nurse taught him Hindi and he loved the nature of this country. “I have loved the voices of night-winds through palm or banana leaves, and the song of the tree-frogs”, he wrote in his autobiography “Something of Myself “ in 1937. These experiences inspired him to write books about jungle. Now he is best known for “The Jungle Book” which has inspired numerous other literary works and adaptations to television and film. Do you remember this short poem?)
“Six serving men “
T: (Kipling enjoyed early success with his short stories for children but soon became known as a masterful writer of portraits of the people, history novels and war stories.)
R.Kipling is known not only as a shot-story writer for children. The Kiplings continued their travelling to South Africa. During the years of Anglo-Boer War Kipling used to visit the English Army. He celebrated the heroism of British colonial soldiers in India and Burma. R.Kipling shouted 'Hurrah for the Empire!' His novel “Kim” was written under the impressions of the War.
T: (Read the poem “Boots” which was written in 1914. Do you like this poem? Why? What feelings does it arouse? The poem appeals to the heart and mind of the people, to their feelings and emotions. It’s very rhythmic. Poet enjoyed playing with words, choosing and arranging them to produce music of the poem. It reflects the contents of the poem. The way is very long. The soldiers are tired; they are exhausted because of the dust and the heat. They are thirsty and hungry. “There's no discharge in the war!” They see only boots, boots moving up and down and soldiers are seemed to go mad. There is no hope. This is a war. No heroes, no winners. It’s hopeless.
Read one of the translations of the poem and compare it with your own opinion. Is it the same?)
T: (R. Kipling was the most popular writer in the English-speaking world at the beginning of the 19th century. His books were widely read all over the world. Kipling is the only English writer of our time who has added phrases to the language. Many sayings and quotations came from his works. Many lines of his works have become famous sayings and are known all over the world. These sayings are known to everybody and they are used in our days. Translate some of them. )
Our England is a garden.
He travels fastest who travels alone.
Everyone is more or less mad on one point.
The silliest woman can manage a clever man; but it needs a very clever woman to manage
Oh East is East and West is West and never the twain shall meet.
I keep six honest serving men (they taught me all I knew); their names are What and Why and When and How and Where and Who.
Words are, of course, the most powerful drug used by mankind.
Most amusements only mean trying to win another person's money.
One of the hardest things to realize, especially for a young man, is that our forefathers were living men who really knew something.
East is East, and West is West.
What do they know of England who only England know?
T: (Reading these sayings and quotations we can better understand the character of the writer, his thoughts and deeds.)
At the beginning of World War I, like many other writers, Kipling wrote pamphlets which enthusiastically supported the UK's Army. But Kipling's only son John died in 1915 at the Battle of Loos. Kipling's son's death inspired his poems about the war, for example his poem "My Boy Jack”. Partly because of this tragedy, Kipling joined Sir Fabian Ware's Imperial War Graves Commission. His chose the most significant of the biblical phrase "Their Name Liveth For Evermore" for the Stones of Remembrance and his suggested the phrase "Known unto God" for the gravestones of unknown soldiers.
T: (Those his works Kipling often focused on the British Empire and her soldiers. Though they have limited his popularity he continued writing political pamphlets, speeches, and journalism. In 1915 during World War I Kipling visited the Western Front as a reporter and wrote “France at War”. He was often called “the prophet of British Imperialism in its expansionist phase.” After the death of his son he wrote about in The Irish Guards in the Great War (1923).
Kipling became Lord Rector of St Andrews University in Scotland. Kipling kept writing until the early 1930s, but with much less success than before. He died on 18 January 1936, at the age of 70 . Rudyard Kipling was cremated at Golders Green Crematorium and his ashes were buried in Poets' Corner, part of the South Transept of Westminster Abbey, where many distinguished literary people are buried or commemorated.
T: (R. Kipling received the first Nobel Prize in literature given to an author writing in the English language. At the award ceremony in Stockholm on 10 December 1907, the Permanent Secretary of the Swedish Academy, Carl David af Wirsén, praised both Kipling and three centuries of English literature: He was the first Englishman to whom this prize was awarded. He was also the youngest writer who received the Nobel Prize. Critics called him “the living classic». He was only 42 years old. He published hundreds of short stories and poems, four novels, and volumes of pamphlets, speeches, and journalism.
In the 1920s Kipling became a friend of King George V. He received honorary doctorates from McGill University in Canada; the Universities of Durham, Cambridge, Oxford, Edinburgh; and the Universities, Paris and Strasbourg. In 1923 he became lord rector of Saint Andrew's University.
He died on 18 January 1936.
Now let’s read another Kipling’s poem. It is often voted Britain's favorite poem. It first appeared in The American Magazine in 1910 and soon became popular.)
“ If ”
T: (The poem's line, "If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster and treat those two impostors just the same" is written on the wall of the Centre Court players' entrance at the British tennis tournament, Wimbledon, and the entire poem was read in a promotional video for the Wimbledon 2008 gentleman's final by Roger Federer and Rafael Nadal. Kipling himself said that the poem had been "printed as cards to hang up in offices and bedrooms”.
Traditionally the last poem in his books is “The Appeal”.)
T: (He also was one of those rare writers who are equally at home in prose and in verse. Rudyard Kipling was the most popular British author since Charles Dickens and the most read and recited poet since Alfred Tennyson. His works are timeless. )
Read the text.
How The Whale Got His Throat
Once upon a time there was a Whale. He lived in the sea and ate fishes. He ate all the fishes that he could find. At last there were no more fishes in the sea. There was only one very small Fish, but that was a very clever fish. He swam all the time near the Whale’s right ear, and so the Whale could not eat him.
The Whale swam and swam and could not find any more fishes. He was hungry. He stood up on his tail and said, “I’m hungry.”
Then the small Fish said in a very small voice:
“Oh, Whale, have you ever tasted Man?”
“No,” said the Whale, “no, I haven’t. Is it nice?”
“Yes,” said the small Fish, “very nice, but it tickles.”
“Then bring me some,” said the Whale and made a storm with his tail.
The small Fish said:
“Swim to latitude Fifty North and longitude Forty West. There you will find a shipwrecked Sailor. He is sitting on a raft in the middle of the sea. He has a pair of blue trousers, a pair of suspenders (you must not forget the suspenders) and a knife. Swim there and eat him. But you must know that this Sailor is a very brave and clever man.”
The Whale was glad, because he was very hungry. He started at once for latitude Fifty North and longitude Forty West. He swam very quickly and soon he was there. And indeed, he saw the Sailor on his raft. And the Sailor had a pair of blue trousers, a pair of suspenders (you must remember the suspenders) and a knife.
At that time, you must know, the Whale had a very big throat. So he swam up to the Sailor, opened his big mouth and swallowed him. He swallowed the Sailor together with his raft, his blue trousers, his suspenders (which you must not forget) and his knife. He liked it very much.
You remember that the Sailor was very brave and very clever. So when he found himself in the warm, dark stomach of the Whale, he was not afraid at all. He began to make a noise and run about in the Whale’s stomach. He jumped and danced and beat the Whale on the sides of his stomach. And the Whale felt very unhappy. (Have you forgotten the suspenders?)
So the Whale said to the small Fish, “You are right, the Man tickles very much. Besides, he is making me cough. I don’t know what to do.”
“Tell him to come out,” said the small Fish.
And the Whale said to the Sailor, “Come out and don’t tickle me. You make me cough.”
But the Sailor was a very clever man. He said, “No, I don’t want to come out now.”
“Why not?” said the Whale.
“Because I am far from my home. What shall I do in the middle of the sea where there are no ships? If you want me to come out, take me to my native shore and then I’ll think about it.”
“But I don’t know where your native shore is.”
“Take me to the country which iscalled England,” said the Sailor. And he began to jump and dance in the Whale’s stomach again. The Whale was really very unhappy.
Then the small Fish said to him, “I told you that the Sailor was very brave and clever. You had better take him home”.
So the Whale had to swim to England. It was a long way and it was difficult for the Whale to swim because the Sailor was dancing and jumping in his stomach, and he couldn’t stop coughing. But he swam and swam, as fast as he could.
At last he saw the land which is called England. He swam up to the shore and opened his big mouth very wide. “Come out,” he said to the Sailor, “here is your native shore.”
And the Sailor walked out of his mouth on to the sand.
Now I must tell you a very important thing. When the Whale was swimming, the Sailor, who, as you know, was a very clever man, had taken his knife, cut up the raft and made a little grating, which he had tied with his suspenders (now you know why you had to remember the suspenders!). And when he was walking out of the Whale’s stomach, he pulled that grating behind him, and the grating stuck in the Whale’s throat.
The Whale swam away. But he could not swallow the grating down and he could not cough it up, and from that day he could eat only very small fish. That’s why whales never eat men or boys and girls.
The small clever Fish went and hid himself deep in the mud under the Equator. He was afraid of the Whale. He thought that the Whale would eat him.
And the Sailor went home with his knife. He had on his blue trousers, but he had no suspenders, because he had tied the grating with them. He went home to his mother and then he married and lived happily for many years.
Why couldn’t the Whale eat the small Fish?
What did the small Fish tell the Whale to do?
What did the Sailor have?
Why did the Whale agree to take the Sailor to England?
Explain why the small Fish hid himself deep in the mud under the Equator?
Put the verbs in the right tenses.
Rudyard Kipling is one of the outstanding British writers. He (to be born) in 1865 in the family of an Englishman in India. He (get) his education in England but (return ) to India in 1882. There he (spend ) 6 years working in colonial English press. There he (publish ) his first literary works. In 1890 he published his first novel “The Light that Failed”, which ( bring ) him fame. He was one of the most popular writers of his time. During his life he (visit ) South Africa, Australia, New Zealand and Japan. “Plain Tales from the Plain Hills”, “Barrack Room Ballads”, “Naulakka” enjoyed great popularity. During the years of Anglo-Boer War Kipling used to visit the English Army. His novel “Kim” ( write ) under the impressions of the War. In October 1902 his “Just so Stories for Little Children” (publish ). His fairy-tales from the book (to be ) rather unusual for the British literature of that period. One can find the influence of Lewis Carroll’s “Alice in Wonderland” in Kipling’s work. But this influence ( not / prevent ) Kipling from creating absolutely new, unusual fairy-tales. The unusual effect of his tales ( reach ) by the rhythm and the music of words. Those who were lucky to listen to Kipling reading his fairy-tales noted that they always sounded truthful. Besides, not only children but even adults ( to be fond of ) “Just so Stories”. Together with “The Jungle Book” it still (enjoy ) great popularity. In 1907 Kipling ( award ) the Nobel Prize.
(1.-was born, 2.- got, 3.- returned, 4.- spend, 5.-published, 6.- brought, 7. – was written, 8. –were published, 9. –were, 10. – didn’t prevent, 11. –is reached, 12. – were fond of, 13. – enjoys, 14. – was awarded. )
Choose the right answer A, B or C:
His father was John Lockwood Kipling, was
a teacher at the local School of Art.
From the ages of six to twelve young Kipling spent much time
with his parents in India.
in England with his aunt and uncle.
He enjoyed going to school.
He couldn’t go to school and studied at home.
He was unhappy at school and soon became ill.
At the age of 17
he joined the army.
he returned to Lahore, India, and began writing as a journalist.
went to the university.
In 1892 he married Caroline Balestier,
the daughter of an American lawyer.
an Indian girl.
an English rich girl.
only to India.
all over the world.
to India and America.
R. Kipling was the most popular writer in the English-speaking world
at the beginning of the 19th century.
at the end of the 19th century.
in the 20th century.
Which of the stories he didn’t write
“Just so Stories”. “The Jungle Book”, “Plain Tales from the Hills”.
“Gunga Din”, “The White Man's Burden”.
“The Call of the Wild”, “Son of the Wolf”, “White Fang”.
He was a rare master of
prose and verse.
In 1907 he received the Nobel Prize
in Economic Sciences.
1-A, 2-C, 3-C, 4-b,5-A, 6-, 7-A, 8-C, 9-C, 10-A.
Guess whether it is true or false.
Kipling was born in Bombay, India.
His father was John Lockwood Kipling was an officer.
His mother ‘s name was Alice Macdonald.
Rudyard is a lake in Staffordshire, England.
He was just seventeen when he began writing as a journalist.
His fairy-tales were usual for the British literature of that period.
R.Kipling didn’t write poems about the Second World War.
He succeeded in writing short stories.
Kipling wrote poems and novels which criticized the UK's Army.
R.Kipling is known only as a shot-story writer for children.
He chose the most significant of the biblical phrase "Their Name Liveth For Evermore" for the Stones of Remembrance.
But Kipling's only son John died in 1915 at the Battle of Loos.
He died at the age of 70.
Rudyard Kipling was cremated and buried in Poets' Corner, part of the South Transept of Westminster Abbey.
He wrote only prose.
True: 1, 3, 4, 5, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14.
False: 2, 6, 7, 9, 15.
Read the short text and fill in the words in the correct form. Don’t change the words themselves.
Rudyard Kipling was a well-known English ---------------. He was born in India and lived many years there. He knew the --------- of the people in India and the ----------- of the country. Many people know his book about Mowgli, a little -------------- boy, who lived in the jungle with the wolves.
Kipling had two ------------- – a boy and a girl, and when they were little, he told them tales which he made up himself. Later he ------------ these tales, and children in many countries like them very much.
( Writer, life, nature, Indian, children, published.)
Список использованной литературы:
“Readings in English classics”, ред. Ю.Б. Голицынский, М-ва «Просвещение»,1981,стр.89-95.